Belgium, with its captivating blend of medieval towns and modern architecture, invites exploration and discovery. For those eager to traverse the cobbled streets of Bruges, wander through the bustling squares of Brussels, or gaze upon the verdant hills of the Ardennes at their own pace, renting a car becomes a convenient and popular option. In fact, the ease with which one can cross this compact nation’s diverse landscapes by car is a testament to its well-structured and comprehensive road network. Recent statistics indicate that a significant number of tourists opt for the autonomy and flexibility of a rental vehicle, allowing them to tailor their itineraries to their personal tastes. Whether for business or pleasure, rental cars offer visitors the liberty to delve into Belgium’s rich cultural tapestry and culinary delights, all on a schedule that suits them, while sidestepping the constraints of public transportation timetables.

Car Rental In Belgium

Why Rent a Car in Belgium?

Embarking on a Belgian journey via a rental car offers a unique freedom and flexibility that can enhance your travel experience immensely. From my own travels through the undulating landscapes of the Ardennes to the historic streets of Bruges, I found that driving allowed me to explore at my own pace, dive into the eclectic mix of cultural offerings, and indulge in the spontaneous detours that reveal Belgium’s hidden gems. Not to mention, the convenience of traveling with luggage, navigating between cities, and the potential cost savings over relying solely on public transport, especially when traveling as a group. As we delve further into this subject, we’ll explore the practical benefits, uncover tips on driving in Belgium, and guide you through choosing the perfect rental for your Belgian adventure.

What Size Rental Car: Big or Small?

When traveling to Belgium and deciding on a rental car, one often faces the dilemma: go big or keep it compact? Having rented both large and small vehicles during my visits, I’ve come to understand the scenarios where each size has its own set of benefits.

Advantages of Renting a Big Car

Comfort and Space

One of the primary benefits of opting for a larger car is the comfort and space it provides. If you’re traveling with a family or a group of friends, a bigger vehicle like an SUV or a minivan ensures ample room for everyone including space for luggage.

Safety Features

Larger cars are often perceived as safer due to their size and weight, and they typically offer enhanced safety features. If you’re planning on driving through diverse terrains that Belgium has to offer or you prefer a vehicle that feels robust on the highway, a big car may be the right choice.

Smooth Highway Drives

Big cars usually handle highways with more stability and offer a smoother ride at higher speeds. If your itinerary includes a lot of traveling between different cities and regions, a larger vehicle can make those long stretches on the highway more comfortable.

Advantages of Renting a Small Car

Ease of Navigation

Belgium is filled with narrow streets especially in historic cities like Bruges and Ghent. A small car is far easier to navigate through these areas, and it can make driving in unfamiliar territory less daunting.


Finding parking can be a challenge in Belgian cities, and when you do, it’s often designed for smaller vehicles. A compact car will not only make it easier to locate a parking spot but will also fit into tight spaces, saving time and reducing stress.

Fuel Efficiency

Small cars are typically more fuel-efficient than their larger counterparts. With fuel prices being quite high in Europe, a smaller rental could result in significant savings, especially if your travel plans include a lot of driving.


Generally, small cars are more affordable when it comes to rental rates. Coupled with savings on fuel and potential parking fees, they can be the more budget-friendly choice for travelers keeping an eye on their expenses.

In summary, whether you choose the grandeur of a big car or the convenience of a small one, your decision should be based on the nature of your trip, your comfort preferences, and practical considerations such as budget, itinerary, and personal driving comfort.

Picking up your Rental Car

As a seasoned traveler who has roamed the beautiful landscapes of Belgium by car, I’ve had the opportunity to rent vehicles from various strategic locations across the country. Belgium offers convenience for travelers with their car rental facilities, particularly at major transportation hubs.

Renting from Major Airports

In my travels, I’ve often picked up rental cars directly from major airports in Belgium. Facilities such as Brussels Airport (BRU), Brussels South Charleroi Airport (CRL), and Antwerp International Airport (ANR) have made getting to my desired destinations a breeze. Upon arrival, I would conveniently find rental desks located within the airport terminals. Airports in Belgium are user-friendly and typically well-signed, meaning locating the rental car desks wasn’t ever a challenge.

Brussels Airport

Renting from Major Cities

Additionally, cities like Brussels, Antwerp, Ghent, and Bruges have multiple car rental agencies, providing a range of options from economy cars to luxury vehicles. Exploring the cobblestone streets of these historic cities by car provided an unparalleled sense of freedom to discover their hidden gems at my own pace.

Regardless of where you choose to pick up your rental car in Belgium, rest assured that the service is generally equipped with friendly and multilingual staff. They are always willing to assist and guide through the rental process, making sure that even if there’s a language barrier, it won’t be an obstacle in getting the car that suits your needs and getting you on your way.

Insurance, Excesses and CDW

When renting a car in Belgium, as with many countries in Europe, it’s essential to understand your obligations and options with regards to insurance. By law, all rental cars must include a basic level of insurance called third-party liability insurance. This covers you for any damage or injury caused to other people or their property. However, it’s important to realize that this does not cover the rental car itself.

In Belgium, you’ll frequently encounter excesses, also known as deductibles. This is the amount you are liable to pay in the event of damage to the rental car. Excesses can often be high and could significantly outstrip your budget should anything untoward happen. To mitigate this financial risk, many renters opt to purchase additional cover such as a Collision Damage Waiver (CDW).

CDW limits your financial liability by reducing the excess amount. In some cases, it may remove the excess entirely. However, beware that CDW isn’t a cure-all; typically, it does not cover things like tyres, windscreens, or undercarriage damage.

Understanding Your Options

A critical step before embarking on your Belgian road trip is to thoroughly evaluate and understand the insurance products offered by the rental agency. You can find authoritative information regarding vehicle insurance requirements in Belgium on the official Belgian Mobility and Transport website. It’s prudent to review any additional options they provide, such as theft protection (TP) or personal accident insurance (PAI), to decide if they make sense for your travel needs.

Why Consider Full Coverage?

Opting to fully cover your excesses might seem like an unnecessary expense upfront, but there are several reasons why this can be a wise choice. Firstly, it offers peace of mind; you’re able to enjoy your travels without the looming worry of potential hefty charges. Secondly, in the unfortunate event of an accident, you won’t face a significant financial hurdle. Often, the combined cost of excess coverage is less than the excess itself.

Bearing in mind the myriad of insurance options and the potential risks, meticulously reading the small print of your rental agreement is imperative. It ensures that you’re aware of your responsibilities, what is covered, and more importantly, what isn’t. For example, some policies may exclude damage caused by driving through lower-emission zones, a regulation applicable in several Belgian cities.

Traffic in Brussels

While insurance and excess details can be complex, taking the time to understand them can save you from unexpected expenses and give you freedom to explore Belgium confidently. Always remember, research is key, and being fully informed is your best protection against surprises on your journey.

Renting Eligibility

In Belgium, the legal age to operate a vehicle is 18 years old. Upon reaching this milestone, young adults gain the privilege to drive independently, a rite of passage into adulthood. However, it’s important to emphasize that while newly-minted drivers can legally hit the road at 18, car rental companies typically enforce their own age restrictions that are more stringent.

Minimum Age for Car Rentals

For those looking to rent a car, the majority of car rental agencies in Belgium require drivers to be at least 23 years old, and often with a stipulation that the driver must have held their license for a minimum of one or two years. This discrepancy between the legal driving age and the rental age is largely due to insurance policies and the higher risks associated with younger, less experienced drivers.

In addition, drivers under 25 may find that they are subject to a young driver’s surcharge, which can significantly increase the overall rental cost. This fee compensates for the extra risk the rental company assumes when lending a vehicle to younger, potentially less experienced drivers.

Navigating the Requirements

To understand the specific requirements and to prepare for the rental process, it’s advisable to consult directly with car rental agencies or their official websites. For example, most major car rental companies provide detailed terms and conditions online outlining their respective age limits and any additional fees for young drivers. You may find the Europcar Belgium Terms & Conditions helpful in clarifying their policy on age requirements.

Similarly, for authoritative and comprehensive advice on driving in Belgium, including licensing and rental information, the Belgian Road Safety and Mobility site is an essential resource. Here, you can find government-issued guidelines and procedures that will ensure you stay within the legal frameworks during your visit.

While planning a trip where you’ll be renting a car in Belgium, it’s crucial to review these eligibility criteria to ensure you meet all necessary conditions for a hassle-free vehicle rental experience.

Documentation Needed to Rent a Car

When renting a car in Belgium, you’ll need to present several forms of documentation at the rental desk to complete the process successfully. The required documents typically include:

  • Valid Driver’s License: You need to have a valid driver’s license that has been held for at least one year. For EU residents, a license issued by any EU country is acceptable. Ensure your license is valid for the entire duration of the rental period.
  • International Driving Permit (IDP): Non-EU residents may be required to present an International Driving Permit (IDP) along with their national driver’s license. The IDP serves as a translation and is recognized internationally.
  • Identification: A valid passport or national identity card will be needed as a form of identification.
  • Credit Card: A valid credit card in the name of the main driver is necessary. This will be used for a hold/deposit and to pay for the rental. Some rental companies also accept debit cards, but this should be confirmed in advance.

Understanding the International Driving Permit

The International Driving Permit (IDP) is a document that translates your national driving license into multiple languages and is recognized in over 150 countries. It is not a standalone document; you must carry your national driving license with your IDP for it to be valid.

The IDP is required for drivers who are not residents of EU countries. This includes tourists and residents from the United States, Canada, Australia, and many other countries. If you hail from one of these regions, make sure to obtain an IDP prior to your trip to Belgium.

Remember that your IDP does not replace your national driving license; you must present both documents when requested by authorities or at the car rental desk.

For more information on obtaining an International Driving Permit, please refer to the American Automobile Association (AAA) for U.S. residents or the Canadian Automobile Association (CAA) for Canadian residents.

For official guidelines and rental car requirements in Belgium, consult the Belgian Road Safety Authority.

When planning your trip, ensure to gather the necessary documentation early to avoid any inconvenience and secure a hassle-free car rental experience in Belgium.

Where do I Rent a Car in Belgium?

Exploring Belgium by car can be a pleasing experience, allowing for flexibility and the leisure of exploring at your own pace. Whether you’re arriving by air, rail, or are already in the city center, you have multiple options for renting a car.

At the Airport

When you touch down at Brussels Airport (Zaventem) or any other major airport in Belgium, you’ll find a range of car rental companies at your service. These well-known companies, including Avis, Hertz, Europcar, and Sixt, usually have desks right in the airport terminals, making it convenient to pick up a vehicle as soon as you arrive in the country.

At Train Stations

Train stations such as Brussels Midi/Zuid, Antwerp Central, and Ghent Saint Peter’s Station also have car rental services nearby. This can be particularly handy if you’re transitioning from rail travel to a road trip. These stations are usually situated within the city, making it easy to find local branches of major car rental agencies. It’s advisable to check the opening hours as they may vary from the airport locations.

In City Centres

In the heart of Belgian cities such as Brussels, Antwerp, and Bruges, car rental options abound. You’ll find both international and local agencies that can provide a range of vehicles to suit your journey. The advantage of renting from a city centre is the opportunity to discuss your rental needs in person and perhaps negotiate for a deal more suited to your specific travel plans.

Online Car Rental Options

For those who prefer to have all travel arrangements sorted ahead of time, booking a rental car online is a favorable option. Most major rental companies allow you to reserve and even pre-pay for your vehicle through their websites. Aggregator sites like Kayak or Skyscanner can aid in comparing prices across multiple companies. Booking online not only ensures that your car is ready when you are but may also offer a broader selection of vehicles and the potential for discounted rates.

Pros of Renting Online:

  • Convenience: Reserve a car from anywhere at any time.
  • Price Comparison: Easily compare prices and options from different rental companies.
  • Advance Booking Discounts: Potentially lower rates for early booking.
  • Selection: Access to a wider range of cars and rental plans.

Cons of Renting Online:

  • Less Flexibility: Changes to your booking may incur fees.
  • Over-reliance on Reviews: Physical inspection of the car is not possible until pickup.
  • Potential for Miscommunication: Fine print and rental terms may be misunderstood without face-to-face interaction.

For a seamless experience, consider using established online platforms such as Expedia, which provides customer service and support to help navigate the rental process. For more personalized service, smaller, local rental companies can be contacted directly through their websites or by phone. No matter the method you choose, renting a car in Belgium offers the freedom to explore the country’s rich history, culture, and landscapes on your own itinerary.

Is Renting a Car in Belgium Safe?

Belgium is a country well-regarded for its rich history, delicious chocolate, and intricate network of roads. Renting a car in Belgium can indeed be considered safe provided you are accustomed to the local driving laws and etiquette.

Road Conditions in Belgium

The road infrastructure in Belgium is generally in good condition, largely due to the country’s ongoing investment into its transportation systems. Highways, known as ‘autoroutes’ in French and ‘autosnelwegen’ in Dutch, span across the country, connecting major cities like Brussels, Antwerp, and Bruges with efficiency. These highways are well-maintained and facilitate smooth driving experiences. Traffic congestion is common around big cities, notably during rush hours, but this is similar to what would be expected in any developed nation.

When venturing onto country roads, also known as ‘routes communales’ in French and ‘gewestwegen’ in Dutch, you may find a more varied quality of surfaces. However, they are generally kept in good repair. Occasional uneven road surfaces or potholes can be encountered, as is typical in rural areas, but they do not pose significant problems for drivers who are attentive.

Belgian Driving Habits

As for the drivers, Belgians are known to be fairly disciplined and courteous on the road. However, as with anywhere in the world, you may occasionally encounter aggressive drivers who speed or perform unpredictable maneuvers. Maintaining vigilance and adhering to speed limits is advisable.

Seat belt use is mandatory in Belgium, and the use of mobile phones without a hands-free system is prohibited while driving, an indication of the country’s commitment to road safety. Speed cameras and police patrols are common sights, and they contribute to an overall sense of security when driving.

City Driving Versus Small Village Serenity

Navigating city centres by car in Belgium can be more challenging due to narrow streets, pedestrian zones, and limited parking, which is characteristic of most European cities. Brussels, in particular, has a reputation for being somewhat tricky to drive in because of its busy traffic and complex road layouts. However, many city centres are well-signposted, and with GPS navigation, getting around by car is manageable.

In contrast, driving in small villages presents a different kind of charm, often with less traffic and a slower pace. It allows for an intimate glimpse into Belgian life. The idyllic settings lead to a relaxed driving atmosphere, though one must still mind the occasional cyclist or pedestrian.

Country road in Belgium

In conclusion, renting and driving a car in Belgium offers a reliable means to explore this diverse country, from the bustle of its historic city centres to the tranquility of its countryside. With common sense and adherence to traffic regulations, the experience of driving in Belgium can be both safe and enjoyable.

Is Renting a Car in Belgium Expensive?

Car Rental Rates

In Belgium, the cost of renting a car can vary widely depending on several factors including the type of vehicle, rental duration, and the time of year. On average, an economy car rental might start around €30 per day if booking in advance. However, for those looking to rent immediately or during peak seasons, prices can increase significantly, sometimes doubling in cost. A mid-range vehicle typically costs around €50-€70 per day, while luxury or specialty vehicles can be significantly higher.

Insurance and Extras

Insurance is another cost to consider when renting a car in Belgium. Basic car rental prices typically include some level of insurance, but many renters opt for additional coverage for peace of mind. This extra insurance could add anywhere from €10 to €30 per day to the rental cost. Furthermore, additional items like GPS, child seats, or an additional driver can incur added fees.

Toll Roads and Parking

Belgium has a relatively small network of toll roads, and the majority of highways (autoroutes) are free to use. The notable exception is the Liefkenshoektunnel near Antwerp, where a car toll can cost approximately €6. However, parking fees in cities can accumulate quickly. Street parking varies by city and can range from €1 to €5 per hour, while parking garages may charge a daily rate of €14-€20.

Fuel Costs

Fuel prices are subject to change, and can significantly influence the overall cost of renting a car in Belgium. As of the knowledge cutoff in 2023, the average price of petrol is around €1.60 per liter, and for diesel, it’s approximately €1.50. This equates to around €64 for a 40-liter tank of petrol, which can quickly add up, especially on longer road trips across the country.

Renting Automatic Cars in Belgium

For many travelers, renting a car is a great way to explore Belgium at their own pace. One important decision point when doing so is choosing between manual and automatic transmission. While manual cars are more common in Belgium, as in much of Europe, there are several reasons why you might opt for an automatic car.

Convenience and Comfort

Driving an automatic car simplifies your driving experience, which can be especially welcome if you’re navigating through unfamiliar territory. In Belgian cities where traffic can be heavy, like Brussels or Antwerp, you’ll appreciate not having to constantly operate the clutch pedal and shift gears. This allows you to focus more on the road and less on the mechanics of driving.

Suitability for Different Drivers

Automatic cars are a good choice for those who may not be used to driving on the right side of the road. Without the need to concentrate on shifting gears, you can pay more attention to road signs, routes, and the new driving environment. It’s also helpful for drivers who are accustomed to automatic transmissions and may not feel confident operating a manual vehicle.


It is worth noting that in Belgium, as in many parts of Europe, the majority of rental cars are equipped with manual transmissions. Automatic vehicles are less common and in high demand, especially during the peak travel seasons. Because of their scarcity, it’s a smart move to book your automatic rental car well in advance of your trip.

Remember that if you’re not comfortable driving a stick shift, or if you simply prefer the ease of an automatic, make sure to secure your booking early to avoid any last-minute surprises. Automatic cars may sell out quickly, and securing one ahead of time will ensure your trip is smooth and stress-free.

Do I Need Air Conditioning?

During my trip to Belgium, I faced the dilemma of whether to opt for air conditioning in my rental car. Belgium’s climate can be somewhat unpredictable; it’s not exceptionally hot, but there are days when the temperature can soar. Here’s what I discovered about having air conditioning in your rental car while traversing this beautiful country.

Pros of Using Air Conditioning

  • Comfort: On those unexpectedly warm Belgian days, air conditioning can be a true relief. It helps maintain a comfortable temperature inside the car, regardless of the heat outside.
  • Better Air Quality: Air conditioning can filter out pollen, dust, and pollution from the outdoor air, which can be particularly beneficial if you’re driving through urban areas with higher levels of pollution or during the peak of allergy season.
  • Reduced Humidity: Belgium can be quite humid during the summer months. An air conditioned car keeps the humidity at bay, ensuring a less sticky, more pleasant driving experience.

Cons of Using Air Conditioning

  • Additional Cost: Opting for air conditioning in your rental might add to the overall cost. This might be an unnecessary expense, especially if you’re visiting during cooler months.
  • Dampened Authentic Experience: Driving with the windows down can be delightful in the Belgian countryside, offering fresh air and an immersive experience in the local atmosphere that you might miss if you’re sealed off with the A/C on.
  • Fuel Efficiency: Using air conditioning can decrease the car’s fuel efficiency, which means you’ll be paying more for fuel during your travels.

Considering both the advantages and the drawbacks, the decision to rent a car with air conditioning in Belgium ultimately hinges on the season of your visit and personal preference. If you’re someone who prefers a crisp, cool driving environment and is sensitive to allergens, it might be worth the extra cost. On the other hand, if you’re looking to save and enjoy a more natural driving experience, you might skip the aircon and embrace the natural Belgian breeze.

Belgium Driving Etiquette

When navigating the roads of Belgium, understanding the local driving culture and etiquette is essential for a smooth journey. This section explores key aspects of driving behavior and norms in Belgium based on firsthand experience.

Prioritizing Pedestrians

Belgian drivers are typically respectful towards pedestrians. Crosswalks are taken seriously, and drivers generally stop to allow people to cross the street, so be prepared to brake for pedestrians at marked and sometimes even unmarked crosswalks.

Adherence to Speed Limits

Speed limits in Belgium are strictly enforced, and locals usually adhere to them. In urban areas, the speed limit is often 50 km/h unless indicated otherwise, dropping to 30 km/h in many residential zones. On highways, the speed limit is usually 120 km/h. It’s crucial to stay alert for speed limit signs and be aware of speed cameras that are quite prevalent.

Following Right-of-Way Rules

In Belgium, the ‘priority to the right’ rule is the default at intersections unless marked otherwise by traffic signs. This means that traffic coming from the right generally has the right of way. This can be surprising to many foreign drivers, so it’s important to remain vigilant, especially in residential areas and less marked junctions.

Signaling and Lane Discipline

Belgian drivers are particular about the use of turn signals and expect others to use them to indicate lane changes or turns well in advance. Lane discipline is observed, with the left lane on highways primarily used for overtaking. Once you’ve overtaken a vehicle, you should return to the right-hand lane when it is safe to do so.

Respect for Traffic Lights and Signs

Drivers in Belgium give proper regard to traffic lights and road signs, with yellow lights taken as a serious signal to stop, rather than an invitation to speed through. It’s sensible to do the same to avoid the risk of accidents or fines.

Lastly, while driving through Belgium’s cities, towns, or rural areas, patience and courtesy go a long way. Anticipating the actions of other drivers and being prepared for sudden stops or turns can help ensure a safer and more enjoyable driving experience in this beautiful country. Remember, as in many European nations, staying calm, alert, and polite is the key to harmonious driving.

Fuel and Rest Stops

Belgium offers an extensive network of fuel stations where you can fill up your tank and take a short break from driving. When driving through Belgium, you’ll find that fuel stations are conveniently located along highways, in urban areas, and near popular tourist destinations. They are easy to spot with their large, often branded, canopies and ample signage.

Types of Fuel Available

In Belgium, petrol stations commonly offer a variety of fuel types to meet different vehicle requirements. The main types of fuel are:

  • Euro 95 (E10): This is the standard unleaded petrol that is compatible with most cars. The E10 denomination indicates that it contains up to 10% ethanol.
  • Super 98 (E5): A higher-octane fuel than Euro 95, containing up to 5% ethanol. It’s often used for high-performance engines.
  • Diesel: Widely available in Belgium, diesel is used for many vehicles, particularly larger cars and vans.

Electric car charging stations are increasingly common throughout Belgium, as the country embraces more sustainable travel methods. Be sure to locate charging stations beforehand if you’re driving an electric vehicle.

Fuel Your Rental Car Correctly

Getting the right fuel for your rental car is crucial. Always check the rental agreement or inside the fuel cap for information regarding the required fuel type. If uncertain, don’t hesitate to ask the rental agency when collecting the vehicle. Filling up with the wrong fuel can damage the car and invalidate your insurance.

Finding Fuel Stations

Fuel stations in Belgium are abundant along major routes and in urban areas. On highways, look for signs with a fuel pump icon indicating upcoming stations. Many stations are open 24/7, providing self-service options that accept credit or debit cards. In more rural areas, opening times may vary, and some may only accept cash, so it’s wise to fill up during the day and keep extra fuel in case of emergency.

Lukoil Petrol Station in Wallonia

Additional Services Provided

Besides fuel, most petrol stations in Belgium offer additional services like air pumps for tires, a convenience store with food and drinks, restrooms, and sometimes even a café or a small restaurant. If you’re on a long drive or just need a break, these stops provide a convenient way to refresh and recharge.

When traveling in Belgium, you’ll find that the fuel stations offer more than just petrol or diesel—they can be a welcome oasis for drivers to rest, grab a snack, and prepare for the road ahead.


In Belgium, parking can vary greatly depending on where you are. In the major cities, finding a parking space can be quite a challenge, and the cost of parking can also be a significant consideration for visitors and locals alike.

Parking in Cities and Historic Towns

In cities like Brussels, Antwerp, and Ghent, parking is largely regulated and comes at a premium. The historic centers of these cities are often characterized by narrow streets and limited parking spaces. Many areas are pedestrianized, which limits access for cars, reinforcing the need for available parking to be managed efficiently. Parking garages and designated parking areas typically charge by the hour, with rates ranging from €1 to €5 per hour. It’s advisable to look for Park and Ride (P+R) options on the outskirts of the city, where you can usually park for free and take public transportation into the center.

Brussels narrow street parking

Parking outside the town/city and using public transport

Outside the urban centers, parking tends to be easier and more affordable. Many towns have free parking zones with a blue disc limitation, where you can park for free for a limited time (usually up to two hours) during the day. Park and Ride facilities are very practical and cost-effective. You can leave your car in a secure location for either a very small fee or for free, and use the efficient public transport systems to get into the heart of the city without stress or additional cost.

On-Street Parking

On-street parking is common, but it’s important to be aware of the parking regulations which can vary by district. Parking meters or automated machines are used to collect fees, and you’re often required to display a ticket on the dashboard. In some areas, on-street parking is free during the evening and on Sundays, but make sure to check the local signs for any specific rules or restrictions.

Overall, while parking in Belgian cities may not be particularly cheap, there are options available to suit different needs and budgets. It’s always best to plan ahead and consider parking when planning a visit to Belgium, especially to the more historic and tourist-focused areas. With a little preparation, you can find convenient and affordable parking, allowing you to enjoy the rich culture and beautiful sights that Belgium has to offer.

Driving in Belgian Towns

Belgium is renowned for its beautiful architecture, rich history, and vibrant culture, all of which can be explored comfortably by car. However, driving in Belgian towns requires patience and concentration due to a range of factors unique to the country.

Navigating the Streets

First and foremost, the streets in Belgian towns can often be narrow and filled with a mixture of pedestrians, bicycles, and motor vehicles. It’s not uncommon to encounter one-way systems and streets that suddenly narrow or end, which can be challenging for drivers not familiar with the area. Parking can also be tricky, with limited spaces in the city centers and some areas reserved solely for residents.

medieval citadel in Namur

Rules of the Road

Belgium has its own set of traffic rules that cars need to adhere to. Priority to the right is a rule that often catches foreign drivers off guard. This means that at intersections without signs or signals, you must give way to vehicles coming from the right. Additionally, tramways are prevalent in several towns and cities, and trams always have priority.

Benefits of Technology

One of the best ways to combat the challenges of driving in Belgian towns is the use of a sat nav or GPS. These devices can be invaluable for several reasons:

Effective Route Planning

Sat navs can save a significant amount of time by calculating the quickest routes to your destination. They can help you avoid closed roads, traffic jams, and areas with restrictions on driving. Most devices offer real-time traffic updates that can help you adjust your route on the fly to avoid any delays.

Ease of Navigation

Belgian towns are filled with historical alleys and modern roadways alike, and a sat nav can help you find your way through this labyrinth with ease. Voice-guided navigation ensures that you can keep your focus on the road while making turns or approaching complex intersections.

Stress Reduction

Getting lost or taking a wrong turn can be stressful, especially in an unfamiliar environment. A GPS can reduce this stress by providing clear directions and alternative routes, allowing you to enjoy the drive and the scenery around you.

Parking Assistance

Many GPS systems can also help you locate the nearest parking spaces or car parks. This feature is particularly useful in Belgian towns where parking can be scarce.

In summary, while driving in Belgian towns may seem daunting at first, with the right technology and an understanding of local driving customs, it can be an enjoyable and stress-free experience. The combination of historic routes and modern conveniences like sat navs allows for both an exploration of Belgium’s charm and an ease in getting around.

Drive on the Right

Driving in Belgium, like most mainland European countries, requires you to keep to the right side of the road. This system can be initially disorienting for drivers accustomed to driving on the left, but with attention and practice, the adjustment is manageable.

Adjusting to Right-Side Driving

For those used to left-side driving, the switch to driving on the right in Belgium may present some challenges at first. Spatial judgment needs recalibration as the driver’s seat is on the opposite side of the car. The gear shift and controls are also flipped, requiring some mental retraining. One of the key considerations is to remain vigilant, especially when making turns, as it’s easy to revert to habit and steer into the wrong lane. Extra caution is needed when pulling out into traffic from a standstill; always remember to look over your left shoulder for oncoming traffic, instead of the right.

Mirroring Your Normal Routine

Most driving tasks will be mirrored on the right-driving system. For example, if you’re accustomed to staying in the left-most lane for a fast-moving traffic or overtaking on a motorway, you’ll need to switch that instinct to the right-most lane in Belgium. Again, muscle memory might lead you to select the traditional ‘fast lane’ you are used to, but with focused attention, you can adapt to the right lane as the passing lane.

Navigating Roundabouts

Wavre roundabout

Roundabouts in Belgium operate on the same principle as in left-driving countries, but rotate clockwise. Drivers entering the roundabout must yield to vehicles already inside. It’s crucial to remember that you should be looking to your left as you approach and enter a roundabout, as traffic will be coming from this direction. With roundabouts, it’s important to signal your intention when exiting, as you would normally, though this will obviously be done with the vehicle’s right-side indicators.

As a general rule, the inner lanes in a roundabout are for driving through or turning left (third exit or beyond), while the outer lane should be used if you intend to take the first right exit or proceed straight on (second exit). Observing how locals navigate these can provide valuable insights into the correct usage.

Road Signage and Traffic Lights

Road signs and traffic lights are designed to be universally understandable, but the orientation can throw you off at first. In Belgium, signs intended for the driver’s immediate attention are usually placed on the right-hand side of the road, corresponding to the driving lane. Pay special attention to the positioning of stop lines and traffic lights, as they may not be exactly where you’re used to looking for them from a left-driving perspective.

Overall, driving on the right in Belgium is a matter of retraining your instincts and building new driving habits. Armed with awareness and caution, the transition to right-side driving can become second nature with time.

Motorways in Belgium

Belgium boasts an extensive and efficiently managed network of motorways. My experiences driving along these well-structured routes have been notably positive due to their high standards of maintenance and clear signage. This makes them fairly easy to drive on, even for those unfamiliar with the region. The motorways, or “autosnelwegen” in Dutch and “autoroutes” in French, are generally free of charge, contributing to a smooth and cost-effective driving experience.

Key Belgian Motorways

The major motorways in Belgium consist of a comprehensive network that connects various cities across the country as well as adjoining European countries. Some of the prominent motorways include:

  • E40: Aalst – Brussels – Leuven – Liège – Aachen: This motorway is a vital east-west artery that traverses through the heart of Belgium, beginning from the coast, through the capital Brussels, and towards Germany.
  • E42: Mons – Charleroi – Namur – Liège: Running in the southern part of the country, the E42 is a key connection between the western region of Wallonia and the eastern border with Germany.
  • E19: Antwerp – Brussels – Mons – Paris: Serving as a crucial link between the Belgian economic hub of Antwerp, the capital city of Brussels, and extending southward to the French capital, the E19 is one of the country’s primary north-south routes.
  • E17: Lille – Ghent – Antwerp: This important western motorway facilitates the movement from France through to the Flemish region, connecting prominent cities like Ghent and Antwerp.
  • E313: Antwerp – Hasselt – Liège: Another significant transit route in the northern part of Belgium, the E313 provides access to the eastern region, funneling traffic from the port city of Antwerp to the interior.

Navigation along these motorways is further simplified by a consistent numbering system where the prefixes ‘A’ and ‘E’ are utilized. The ‘A’ denotes the designation for Belgian motorways, while ‘E’ refers to Euroroutes that span across Europe. Rest areas, gas stations, and eateries are sufficiently spaced out, ensuring convenience for travelers. Speed limits vary, with 120 km/h being the standard on most motorways, dropping to 90 km/h or less in urban areas and during inclement weather conditions.

Driving Culture and Practices

Belgian drivers are generally disciplined, which contributes to the overall ease of driving on the motorways. Nevertheless, peak hours in major cities such as Brussels and Antwerp can experience significant congestion. Staying aware of the speed limits, which are stringently enforced via cameras, and the priority-to-the-right rule except on motorways, is essential for a smooth driving experience in Belgium.

For those planning to utilize the motorways in Belgium, it is important to keep in mind that while they are predominantly toll-free, there is a notable exception with the toll tunnel under the Scheldt in Antwerp and the Liefkenshoek toll tunnel, which are both pay-to-use passages. Therefore, if your route includes these tunnels, you should be prepared for toll charges.

Tolls in Belgium

When traveling through Belgium, motorists will find that the majority of roads, including highways, are toll-free in the traditional sense. Instead of paying at toll booths, the country implements a different system for heavy goods vehicles over 3.5 tonnes. These vehicles must use a time-based electronic toll system called Viapass. It is important to note that this does not apply to cars, motorcycles, or smaller vehicles, which can travel on Belgian roads without encountering toll stations.

Belgium motorway toll station

Understanding Viapass

For those driving heavy goods vehicles, it’s crucial to be aware of the Viapass toll system. This is an intelligent kilometer charging system that records the number of kilometers driven in Belgium, along with the type of roads used. The fee is calculated based on the maximum permissible weight of the vehicle, its emission class, and the type of road. This system requires the installation of an On Board Unit (OBU), which can be obtained from various service providers. For precise fees and how to acquire the OBU for your vehicle, please refer to the official Viapass website.

Are there any toll roads for regular vehicles?

Regular passenger vehicles are exempt from the electronic toll system; however, there is one notable exception. The Liefkenshoek tunnel, located in Antwerp, does charge a toll for all vehicles, including passenger cars and motorcycles. The price varies depending on the vehicle category, with fares regularly updated. The tunnel offers a convenient electronic toll collection system, which can expedite the payment process. To stay informed about the current fares and the payment methods for the Liefkenshoek tunnel, visit the official tunnel website.

Navigating and Payment Convenience

Toll roads in Belgium, specifically the Liefkenshoektunnel, are relatively easy to get through. For frequent users, there is the option to use a telebadge, which allows automated billing and faster passage through the tunnel. This tag is linked to a credit or debit card for hassle-free toll payments. For occasional travelers, manual payment booths are available where cash and cards are accepted. The traffic signs leading up to the Liefkenshoek tunnel are clear, guiding motorists towards the toll booths or telebadge lanes accordingly.

Avoiding Toll Roads

If you prefer to avoid toll roads altogether, it is possible to do so in Belgium for passenger vehicles. The country offers an extensive network of motorways and secondary roads that do not require toll payments, with the exception of the Liefkenshoektunnel. Considering that tolls for cars only apply to this specific tunnel, motorists driving around Belgium can easily plan routes that bypass it, using alternative bridges or tunnels in the Antwerp area. For route planning, you may refer to the Flemish Traffic Centre or other traffic navigation systems to outline a toll-free journey across Belgium.

While driving through Belgium is relatively straightforward for most motorists, it’s always a good idea to be informed about the latest road rules and possible expenses. Having accurate and updated information will ensure a smooth and enjoyable journey through the heart of Europe.

Speed Limits in Belgium

In Belgium, the speed limits are strictly enforced and vary depending on the type of road and the area. Speed limits are prominently displayed on road signs, but as a general guideline, the following apply:

  • Urban Areas: The standard speed limit in urban areas is usually 50 km/h, unless otherwise indicated by road signs.
  • Rural Roads: For regional or local roads outside urban areas, the speed limit is typically 70 km/h.
  • Motorways: On motorways, the general speed limit is 120 km/h. However, during periods of heavy rain or fog, this limit can be reduced to 90 km/h or even less, as indicated by electronic variable-message signs.

Understanding Speed Limits

To know what speed you should be driving, it’s essential to pay attention to the road signs. Belgium uses a standard European traffic sign system, where speed limits are shown in a red circle with the number in the center. Regular signs are in place at the beginning of speed limit zones and are repeated at intervals. Speed cameras, both fixed and mobile, are commonly used to enforce these limits.

Speed limit sign in Belgium

For more detailed information on the specific rules and speed limits, you can visit the official website of the Federal Public Service Mobility and Transport, which provides valuable resources for both residents and visitors. Additionally, drivers can check the latest traffic conditions and updates with real-time information provided by the Flemish Traffic Centre for Flanders, and the Walloon region’s official portal.

Always remember that exceeding speed limits can result in heavy fines and driving license points. In Belgium, as with much of Europe, adherence to traffic laws is considered essential for the safety of all road users. Therefore, it’s crucial to observe the posted signs and adjust your speed accordingly.

Speeding Fines in Belgium

Belgium maintains a strict enforcement policy when it comes to speeding, in an effort to increase road safety and reduce traffic-related fatalities. Speeding fines in Belgium can vary depending on how much you exceed the speed limit. Fines start from 50 euros for minor infractions and can exceed 2,000 euros for severe violations, particularly in cases of repeat offenses or when speeding occurs in areas with traffic congestion or construction.

Presence of Speed Cameras

Speed cameras are a common sight on Belgian roads. Fixed speed cameras are strategically installed on various types of roads including motorways, regional roads, and in urban areas. Additionally, section control cameras, known as trajectcontrole systems, measure your average speed over a long distance. These technologies serve as a deterrent and an effective tool for ensuring drivers adhere to posted limits.

Speed Traps by Police

The Belgian police also conduct manual speed checks and may set up speed traps to catch speeding drivers. These traps can be set up anywhere but are commonly found on regional roads, near school zones, or at locations where accidents have previously occurred. It’s essential to always be aware of speed limits and to remain vigilant for sudden changes in posted signs, especially when driving in unfamiliar areas.

Additional Considerations

As a driver in Belgium, you should also be aware that there are heavy on-the-spot fines for those caught speeding. If you’re a foreign driver, do not assume that you can avoid paying; there are agreements between European countries to ensure fines are enforced across borders. Furthermore, extreme speeding violations may result in driving bans or impoundment of the vehicle. For the most up-to-date information on speeding fines and traffic rules, it’s advisable to consult the official websites like the Belgian Police or Federal Public Service Mobility and Transport.

Belgium traffic police officer

Finally, bear in mind that Belgium often experiences dense traffic, especially around major cities like Brussels or Antwerp, which makes it more critical to maintain the legal speed limits. Always keep an eye out for temporary speed limits that may be enforced due to traffic conditions or road works. Safe driving practices and adherence to local traffic laws can help ensure a pleasant travel experience through the country.

Drive Times in Belgium

Belgium, with its well-maintained road networks and compact size, is an excellent country for driving. The times taken to travel between major cities, towns, and to tourist destinations can vary depending on traffic, but here are some general estimates based on personal experiences:

Major Cities and Towns

  • Brussels to Antwerp: approximately 45 minutes to 1 hour
  • Antwerp to Ghent: roughly 1 hour
  • Ghent to Bruges: about 30 to 45 minutes
  • Bruges to Liege: around 2 hours
  • Liège to Namur: approximately 1 hour
  • Namur to Luxembourg City (in Luxembourg): around 1 hour and 40 minutes

From Cities to Tourist Attractions

  • Brussels to the Atomium: about 20 to 30 minutes
  • Ghent to Gravensteen Castle: around 10 to 15 minutes
  • Antwerp to the Plantin-Moretus Museum: about 15 to 20 minutes
  • Bruges to the Belfry of Bruges: typically, a short drive within the city, under 10 minutes
  • Liège to the Ardennes: approximately 1 hour

For more specifics on travel times and road conditions, it’s always a good idea to refer to the official Belgian traffic information provided by Touring Mobilis, which you can check into at Touring Mobilis for updates.

Additionally, for planning longer routes and ensuring that you’re taking the most efficient paths, the website of the Belgian Road Research Centre is another excellent resource. You can access their services at BRRC.

Lastly, for real-time traffic updates, reports, and travel time estimations, you can also refer to the Flemish Traffic Centre’s updates here.

Car Seats for Children and Babies

Ensuring the safety of children and babies while driving is a prime concern across the globe, and Belgium is no exception to this rule. Car seats are not just a legal requirement, but they are integral for the protection of our little ones during a journey.

Belgian Law Regarding Child Seats

In Belgium, the law is very clear about the use of car seats for children. Any child under the age of 12 and smaller than 1.35 meters must be secured in a child car seat that is appropriate for their weight and height. The car seat must comply with the EU safety standards, indicated by the ECE label (ECE R44/03, ECE R44/04, or ECE R129). For more detailed information on the legal requirements, refer to the Federal Public Service Mobility and Transport website.

Categories Based on Child’s Age and Size

There are several categories of car seats available, designed to cater to different ages and sizes of children:

  • Group 0+: Infants up to 13 kg, roughly from birth to 12-15 months
  • Group 1: Children weighing between 9 and 18 kg, typically from around 9 months to 4 years old
  • Group 2/3: For children weighing between 15 and 36 kg (from about 3.5 to 12 years old)

For precisely fitting guidance on which seat to pick, consult with the child car seat manual or speak to a professional.

Renting Car Seats vs. Bringing Your Own

When travelling to Belgium with children, you have the option to rent car seats along with your rental car or bring your own. Both choices come with their set of pros and cons.

Car Seat Rental: Most car rental agencies in Belgium offer child car seats as an additional option. It can be convenient as you won’t have to lug around extra equipment, especially when managing multiple bags and children. However, bear in mind the cost can accumulate, typically ranging from €5 to €15 per day. Furthermore, availability might not be guaranteed, and you may find variations in the quality and cleanliness of the rental seats.

Bringing Your Own: Choosing to bring your car seat ensures that your child is using a seat that meets your standards and that they’re comfortable and familiar with. You also avoid daily rental fees, potentially saving a considerable amount over a longer stay. On the downside, it means having an additional bulky item to carry, and it could be subject to airline fees—though many carriers do not charge for checking in car seats.

Ultimately, the decision between renting a car seat or bringing your own hinges on balancing cost, convenience, and your personal preference for safety and hygiene standards. When renting a vehicle and car seat, always check the terms and conditions, as well as the car seat’s condition and compatibility with your child—safety should not be compromised.

Regardless of your choice, ensuring your child is secured in an appropriate car seat while traveling in Belgium is not only a legal requirement but a vital aspect of road safety. You can find more information on child car seat safety and regulations at the Vias Institute, a major Belgian road safety and mobility organization.


Belgium is a well-connected country with a dense road network, which includes a variety of motorways, main roads, and rural lanes. The traffic conditions in Belgium can vary significantly between the bustling city centers and the peaceful countryside.

City Driving

In major cities like Brussels, Antwerp, and Ghent, one should expect heavy traffic, particularly during peak hours in the morning and evening. The roads can often be congested, and finding parking can be a challenge. It’s important to be aware of the ‘zone 30’ areas in many city centers, where the speed limit is reduced to 30 km/h to enhance safety. Additionally, several cities have low-emission zones where certain vehicles may be restricted. For the most current information, visiting official resources such as the Brussels Mobility website or the Antwerp Low Emission Zone page is recommended.

Towns and Villages

When driving through the towns and villages of Belgium, one can enjoy a more relaxed pace. However, it is crucial to maintain vigilance for cyclists and pedestrians, as many Belgians prefer these modes of transport for short distances. Parking is generally more available in these smaller locales, though one should still be mindful of restrictions and local regulations.

Rural Areas

Belgium’s countryside offers scenic routes that are typically less congested than city roads, but they can also be narrower and sometimes more winding. Drivers should be cautious, especially in areas where tractors or slower-moving farm equipment might be present on the roads.

Please remember that traffic laws and regulations can change, so it’s best to check the latest information with the Federal Police of Belgium before driving. Whether in the city or the countryside, always ensure compliance with local traffic regulations to avoid fines and ensure a safe journey.

Top Tips for Renting a Car in Belgium

Renting a car in Belgium can be a fantastic way to see the country at your own pace. Here are top tips for making sure your car rental experience is smooth and stress-free:

    1. Choose the Right Rental Company

Belgium has various international and local car rental agencies. It’s essential to compare prices and reviews before booking. Check companies like Hertz, Europcar, and Avis, or use comparison websites to find the best deal.

    1. Understand the Insurance Policy

Make sure you are clear on what your insurance covers. In Belgium, car rental insurance typically covers damage, theft, and third-party liability, but there may be significant excesses. It’s often worth considering additional coverage for peace of mind.

    1. Familiarize Yourself with Local Driving Laws

Belgium has its own driving regulations that you should be aware of. Speed limits, traffic signs, priority rules, and parking regulations can differ from what you are accustomed to. Visit the Federal Public Service Mobility and Transport website for detailed information.

    1. Inspect the Rental Car Thoroughly

Before you drive away, inspect the car carefully for any existing damage and ensure it’s noted on the rental agreement. Taking photos with your smartphone can provide additional evidence should any disputes arise when returning the car.

    1. Be Prepared for Toll Roads

In Belgium, while many of the highways are toll-free, there are some exceptions, like the Liefkenshoek tunnel near Antwerp. Always have some euros on hand for tolls, or inquire with the rental agency about electronic toll options.