Navigating the sun-splashed coastline and exploring the dense forests and historic towns of Croatia offers a unique opportunity for adventure, with renting a car being a popular choice for many travelers seeking freedom and flexibility. Interestingly, nearly 80% of tourists in Croatia rent a vehicle at some point during their stay, highlighting the convenience and accessibility of self-driven tours in this Mediterranean gem. The process of renting a car in Croatia provides tourists with the chance to tailor their itinerary, drive along the scenic Adriatic Highway, and venture off the beaten path to discover hidden coves and quintessential villages. However, with this level of autonomy comes the need to understand the local driving regulations, the variety of rental options available, and the importance of securing appropriate insurance coverage—considerations essential for a stress-free Croatian road trip.

Car Rental In Croatia

Why Rent a Car in Croatia?

From the crystal-clear waters of the Adriatic Sea to the enchanting medieval streets of Dubrovnik, Croatia’s diverse landscapes and historic treasures are best explored at your own pace. Renting a car in Croatia offers the ultimate flexibility to navigate this breathtaking country with ease. On my travels, the freedom to spontaneously detour to hidden coves, quaint villages, and expansive national parks was invaluable. The country’s well-maintained roads stretch from the serenity of the Istrian peninsula in the north to the vibrancy of the Dalmatian coast in the south, making a rental car the perfect companion for an immersive Croatian adventure. Prepare to embark on a journey through the wonders of Croatia, with the upcoming sub-sections outlining practical tips on car rentals, must-visit locations, and driving etiquette to help you make the most of your trip on four wheels.

What Size Rental Car: Big or Small?

When choosing a rental car for your Croatian adventure, you’ll find yourself weighing the benefits of big versus small vehicles. Having experienced both spectrums, I can share insights that could help you make an informed decision.

Advantages of a Big Rental Car

Comfort and Space

If you’re traveling with family or a group of friends, a big car will provide the comfort and space you need. The additional legroom, luggage space, and seating capacity can make long drives along the Dalmatian Coast far more enjoyable.

Stability and Safety

Larger vehicles often offer a sense of stability and robust safety features, which can be reassuring, especially if you’re exploring the more rugged terrains of Croatia, such as the Velebit mountain range or the back roads of Istria.

Suitable for All Terrains

A bigger car often means better capability for different terrains. If you plan on a mix of highway driving and exploring off the beaten paths, a sturdy SUV can handle the diverse landscapes, from coastal roads to mountainous regions.

Advantages of a Small Rental Car


In Croatia, with its narrow streets and limited parking, a small car is king. Cities like Dubrovnik and Split, known for their quaint old towns, are much easier to handle with a compact vehicle. You can navigate the winding streets and find parking spots with relative ease compared to a larger automobile.

town street Croatia

Fuel Efficiency

Opting for a smaller car makes economic sense, as they are generally more fuel-efficient. This is a key point to consider since fuel prices can add a significant amount to your travel budget. A small car will keep your wallet happier, especially when traversing long distances across the country.


Small rental cars are usually cheaper to rent than big ones. Not only is the daily rental fee lower, but many additional costs such as insurance and even toll fees can be less expensive for smaller cars. This makes a compact car an attractive option for those on a tighter budget.

In conclusion, when deciding between a big or small rental car in Croatia, consider the nature of your trip, who’s coming along, your budget, and your comfort needs. Remember that Croatian roads and cities may present challenges that differ greatly from what you’re used to back home. Whether you opt for the roomy benefits of a larger vehicle or the nimble ease of a smaller car, ensure it aligns with the experiences you seek in this beautiful country.

Picking up your Rental Car

When traveling to Croatia, having a rental car at your disposal opens up a world of opportunities to explore this beautiful country at your own pace. I have had experiences renting cars from various locations across Croatia, which has made my trips both convenient and memorable.

Major Airports

I’ve found that starting my journey right from the airport is the most convenient option. In Croatia, the major airports like Zagreb Airport (ZAG), Split Airport (SPU), and Dubrovnik Airport (DBV) offer a variety of rental car options. These airports are well-equipped with rental desks situated inside the terminal buildings, making it extremely easy to pick up your car as soon as you’ve collected your luggage.

Cities and Popular Locations

Beyond airports, I’ve also rented cars in major Croatian cities such as Zadar, Pula, and Rijeka. Most of these locations are centrally located, often right in the heart of the city or at central transportation hubs, making it convenient to begin your road trip. These spots are perfect if you’re starting your journey from a city hotel or after spending a few days exploring the urban sights on foot or by public transport.


Rental car companies in Croatia typically offer a range of vehicles to choose from, ensuring that whether you need a compact car for city driving or a larger vehicle for a family trip along the coast, you’ll find what you need.

Friendly Assistance

One of the best parts about renting a car in Croatia has been the friendly staff at the rental desks. Whether inside the airport or at a city branch, I’ve always been greeted by helpful personnel keen on making my rental experience smooth. They are usually multilingual, minimizing language barriers, and they’re always willing to offer advice on local driving regulations, must-see destinations, and tips on the best routes to take.

Insurance, Excesses, and CDW

When renting a car in Croatia, it’s important to understand your insurance obligations and options. Legally, you’re required to have third-party liability insurance when driving a rental car. This insurance is typically included in the rental price, ensuring that you’re covered if you cause damage to another person or their property.

Understanding Insurance Options

Apart from the mandatory third-party insurance, there are additional coverages you can opt for. These include Collision Damage Waiver (CDW), Theft Protection (TP), and Super Collision Damage Waiver (SCDW), which often come with an excess—this is the amount you’re responsible for paying in case of damage. For comprehensive information, refer to the Croatian Ministry of Interior or the Croatian National Tourist Board.

What is CDW?

Collision Damage Waiver (CDW) limits your financial responsibility for damage to the rental car itself. While it reduces your liability, it doesn’t typically cover all parts of the car (like tires, windshield, and undercarriage) and often comes with an excess. The excess can be a substantial amount of money held on your credit card or paid upfront.

Why Opt for Full Coverage?

To travel with peace of mind, you may want to lower your financial risk by fully covering your excesses. Full coverage can come in the form of an upgraded CDW (sometimes referred to as SCDW), or additional policies which can greatly reduce or eliminate the excess. This means that in the case of an accident or theft, your financial responsibility is minimal. You won’t have to worry about a large deposit being held on your credit card or paying a hefty fee in case of damage.

Remember, while it might be more economical to decline these additional protections, in the event of an accident you could be liable for high costs. Often, the roads in Croatia can be narrow and winding, especially along the Adriatic coast, making for challenging driving conditions; thus, opting for full coverage could be advantageous.

Reading the Small Print

Before signing any rental agreement, it’s imperative to read the fine print of the insurance policy. Understanding what you’re covered for and your liabilities will prevent any unexpected surprises. Know the terms of what happens if the car is damaged: What parts of the car are covered? What traffic violations are you liable for? What is the exact amount of the excess that you will be responsible for?

By being well-informed about the insurance options available to you, you can make an educated decision that aligns with your comfort level regarding risk, budget, and coverage. Doing your due diligence means you can enjoy the Croatian landscapes without the nagging concern of what might happen in case of a mishap on the road.

Renting Eligibility in Croatia

In Croatia, the legal age to obtain a driving license and drive a car is 18 years old. However, for those who wish to rent a car, the age requirements are generally stricter. Majority of car rental companies in Croatia will require that the driver be at least 21 years old. Additionally, there is often a requirement for the driver to have held their driver’s license for a minimum of one or two years, depending on the rental company’s policy.

Age Restrictions for Car Rental

It’s essential to note that drivers under the age of 25 may also face young driver surcharges, which can significantly increase the cost of renting a car in Croatia. These surcharges are put in place due to the statistically higher risk associated with younger, less experienced drivers. While the starting age for renting can vary, the general principle is that a little more maturity and driving experience is sought by rental agencies.

For those who are eligible by age but are still within the first few years of obtaining their license, some car rental companies may offer a limited selection of vehicles. High performance or luxury vehicles are typically reserved for more experienced drivers.

Finding the Right Car Rental Company

It’s always best to check with individual car rental companies for their specific terms and conditions regarding age and driving experience. You can usually find this information on their official websites. Here are some helpful links to check the specific eligibility requirements of reputable car rental services in Croatia:

When planning to rent a car in Croatia, thorough research and advanced booking are advisable. Understanding the rental company’s eligibility criteria beforehand can help ensure a smooth rental experience upon arrival. This is particularly important during peak tourist seasons when demand for rental cars is high, and the best vehicles are often booked well in advance.

Documentation Needed to Rent a Car

When renting a car in Croatia, you will be required to present several important documents at the rental desk to complete the transaction legally and safely. Here’s what you need to have with you:

Valid Driver’s License

You must have a valid driver’s license that is recognized in Croatia. For most EU residents, your home country’s driver’s license is sufficient. However, it’s vital to ensure that it is current and has not expired.

International Driving Permit (IDP)

For those coming from outside the EU, an International Driving Permit may be required in addition to your driver’s license. The IDP is essentially a translation of your existing driver’s license and is mandatory for some countries whose licenses are not in the Latin alphabet or are not one of the languages commonly used in Croatia. It is best to check with the rental agency beforehand or consult the Croatian Ministry of the Interior for the latest information.

Identity Proof

A passport or national identity card (for EU residents) must be presented as proof of identity. The name on the identity document must match that on the driver’s license.

Passport documentation Croatia

Credit Card

The majority of car rental companies in Croatia will require a credit card in the driver’s name for a security deposit. This card is used to hold a deposit against any potential damage done to the vehicle during the rental period.

Ensuring that you have all the necessary documentation before you arrive at the rental desk will help to make your car rental experience as smooth and efficient as possible. Make sure to organize each of these in advance for a stress-free start to your travels in Croatia. For more detailed information, you may want to visit the official website of the Croatian National Tourist Board for guidance.

Where do I Rent a Car in Croatia?

Croatia offers a variety of car rental options to suit the needs of travelers, whether they land at the airport, arrive at a train station, or are looking for a rental in the city centre. Each location has its own set of companies and services to choose from, and you can also opt to rent a car online prior to your travel.

Car Rental at Croatian Airports

Most international travelers arrive in Croatia via airports, which are well-equipped with car rental agencies. Airports like Zagreb, Split, and Dubrovnik host a range of well-known car rental companies. At these locations, you can typically find global brands like Enterprise, Hertz, Sixt, and Avis.

All of these companies offer a wide selection of vehicles and usually have desks in the arrival halls, making the rental process convenient right after your flight.

Car Rental at Train Stations and City Centre

If you’re arriving by train or are already in the centre of a Croatian city, there are still numerous options available. For instance, Sixt and Avis often have branches in city centres and near major train stations. Local providers are also available, such as ORYX and Uni Rent, which can offer competitive pricing and regional expertise.

Train station Croatia

Online Car Rental Prior to Travel

Renting a car online before arriving in Croatia can be advantageous. It allows you to compare prices, ensure availability, and sometimes access online-only deals. Websites like Auto Europe and Economy Car Rentals aggregate offerings from multiple suppliers, so you can choose what best fits your travel plans. Many of these websites also offer free cancellation policies, which adds a layer of flexibility to your booking.

One potential downside to arranging a rental car online might be the variability in insurance options available, which can be confusing to navigate without face-to-face assistance. It’s also important to read the terms and conditions carefully to ensure you’re aware of any restrictions or potential fees.

Regardless of your preferred rental method, it’s advisable to check for customer reviews and ratings of the local branches to ensure you’re dealing with a reputable provider. Also, familiarize yourself with local driving laws and customs in Croatia to ensure a trouble-free driving experience. Remember to always carry your driver’s license, an IDP (International Driving Permit) if your license is not in Roman script, and the rental car documents with you at all times while driving.

Is Renting a Car in Croatia Safe?

Renting a car in Croatia is generally considered safe for travelers. The country’s roads, both highways and country lanes, are well-maintained and offer scenic drives, especially along the Adriatic coast. Croatia’s investment in its highway infrastructure is notable, with new motorways that are smooth and offer efficient travel between major cities. However, travelers should be aware that during peak tourist seasons, the roads can become quite busy, and extra caution is advised.

The Condition of Roads

Driving on Croatian roads is a pleasant experience thanks to the well-maintained highways such as the A1, which connects Zagreb with the southern regions. These roads adhere to European standards, featuring clear signage and rest areas at regular intervals. As you veer off into country roads, the quality can vary, but they are generally in good repair. That said, rural roads are narrower and sometimes wind through hilly terrain, which may be a challenge for less experienced drivers. Extra attention should be paid when driving through areas with sharp bends and no guardrails.

country road Croatia

Croatian Driving Culture

The local drivers in Croatia are accustomed to the driving conditions and can sometimes seem confident to the point of appearing aggressive to those not familiar with the local driving culture. This is particularly true on highways where speeds are higher, and overtaking is common. Nevertheless, adherence to traffic regulations is expected, and speed limits are enforced by regular police patrols.

Urban vs. Rural Driving

In city centres, particularly in historic areas such as Dubrovnik or Split, the streets can be very narrow, and parking is limited, making driving slightly more challenging. Drivers must be vigilant for pedestrians, cyclists, and scooters, which are common in urban areas. Conversely, when traversing through small villages, the pace of life slows down, and so does the traffic. Here, drivers should be prepared for narrow village streets and occasional agricultural vehicles on the road.

For the most part, if you are a confident driver used to driving in various conditions, you’ll find driving in Croatia to be a safe and enjoyable experience. It’s important to always stay alert, respect the local driving laws, and adapt to the driving style and conditions of the regions you are driving through.

Is Renting a Car in Croatia Expensive?

When considering renting a car in Croatia, an array of costs need to be taken into account. The overall expense depends on various factors including the type of vehicle, rental duration, insurance options, and additional fees. Here’s a breakdown of the associated costs:

Car Rental Fees

The cost of renting a car in Croatia can vary significantly depending on the season, the type of car, and the rental company. During the high season, prices tend to be steeper. A standard economy car might cost anywhere from €30 to €60 per day, while during the off-season, it could be as low as €15 to €30 daily. For a more luxurious or larger vehicle, rates can climb up to €100 or more per day.

Insurance Costs

Insurance is another cost to consider, and it can be substantial. Basic insurance is often included in the rental price, but for comprehensive coverage, there may be an added daily fee. This fee typically ranges from €10 to €30 per day, depending on the breadth of coverage.

Toll Roads

Tolls are commonplace on Croatian motorways, and the costs will depend on your travel route and distance. For example, traveling from Zagreb to Split could cost around €25 in tolls. It’s important to factor in these costs when planning your travel budget.

Fuel Costs

Fuel prices in Croatia are in line with the rest of Europe and can fluctuate. As of the time of travel, expect to pay between €1.10 and €1.50 per liter for gasoline. Diesel tends to be slightly cheaper. The total fuel cost will obviously depend on the distance traveled and the vehicle’s fuel efficiency.

Understanding the range of expenses involved in car rental allows for a better assessment of the necessary budget. Each of these costs—car rental fees, insurance, tolls, and fuel—play a part in the overall financial consideration when deciding to rent a car in Croatia.

Renting Automatic Cars in Croatia

Renting a car in Croatia opens up a world of possibilities for travelers looking to explore this beautiful Balkan country at their own pace. As someone who has navigated the winding coastal roads and idyllic countryside, I can share insights on why you might want to consider an automatic vehicle for your journey.

Ease of Driving

Firstly, if you’re not accustomed to driving a manual transmission, or ‘stick shift’, then renting an automatic car is the obvious choice. Croatia’s roads, particularly along the Adriatic coast, are known for being narrow, steep, and often winding. In such conditions, managing gears can be an added stress that detracts from the stunning scenery. An automatic car simplifies driving, letting you focus on the vistas and your next destination.

Ideal for Diverse Terrain

Croatia’s diverse topography, from flat plains in Slavonia to rugged mountains in the Dinaric Alps, means that drivers will encounter all manner of roads and gradients. Automatic cars provide a smoother ride over varied terrain, ensuring comfort, whether you’re cruising down a straightaway or ascending serpentine mountain passes.

Automatic Cars: A High Demand

It’s important to note that automatic cars are less prevalent in Croatia’s rental markets compared to manual vehicles. This scarcity often translates to automatic cars being rented out quite quickly, especially during the peak tourist season. Therefore, it is crucial to book your automatic vehicle well in advance to ensure availability. By doing so, you can avoid the frustration of having to settle for a manual car out of necessity, particularly if your driving experience with such transmissions is limited.

In summary, for those not versed in manual transmission driving or seeking a more relaxing driving experience, an automatic car is an excellent choice in Croatia. Just remember to secure your rental early to guarantee you have the keys to a stress-free and enjoyable road trip in this picturesque country.

Do I Need Air Conditioning in Croatia?

When traveling to Croatia, particularly during the summer months, the question of whether to include air conditioning in your rental car is a common one. The country is known for its stunning coastlines and beautiful weather, which can become quite hot and humid, especially from June through August. Deciding on air conditioning requires weighing the pros and cons.


  • Comfort: The primary advantage of having air conditioning is the increased comfort during your travels. High temperatures can make driving exhausting and uncomfortable. A cool car interior becomes a haven from the heat, allowing for a more enjoyable trip, especially after spending time outdoors.
  • Health Reasons: For some travelers, particularly those with health issues that can be aggravated by the heat such as cardiovascular problems, air conditioning isn’t just a luxury but a necessity for maintaining good health during the trip.
  • Better Driving Experience: Keeping the car cool can improve your driving experience by helping you to stay alert and focused on the road, which is particularly important in unfamiliar territory or when navigating through busy tourist spots.
  • Security: Air conditioning allows you to keep windows closed in urban areas, where you might be concerned about security or the annoyance of dust and noise from outside traffic.


  • Cost: Rental cars with air conditioning typically cost more than those without. If you are traveling on a budget, this cost can be a significant consideration, particularly if you plan on using the car extensively.
  • Fuel Efficiency: Air conditioning uses more fuel, which not only impacts your wallet due to the increased fuel consumption but is also less environmentally friendly.
  • Missed Experiences: Sometimes, using air conditioning can disconnect you from the full experience of the locales you’re driving through. The smells and sounds that come with an open window can enrich your journey and create a stronger connection with the surrounding environment.
  • Maintenance Issues: In rare cases, the air conditioning system might have maintenance problems, which could lead to a breakdown or malfunction while you’re already on the road, causing inconvenience and potential delays.

Croatia Driving Etiquette

Driving through the scenic landscapes of Croatia can be a truly enjoyable experience. In order to navigate the roads smoothly and respectfully, it’s important to understand and adhere to the local driving etiquette.

Observance of Speed Limits

In Croatia, speed limits are strictly enforced, and it’s important to observe them not only for safety but also to avoid hefty fines. The speed limits vary depending on where you are; typically, it’s 50 km/h in urban areas, 90 km/h on open roads, and 130 km/h on highways, unless indicated otherwise. Croatian drivers do appreciate fast and efficient driving, but not at the expense of legal limits and safety protocols.

Overtaking and Lane Discipline

Overtaking is common on Croatian roads, especially on two-lane highways. Always overtake on the left side and ensure it’s done within legal zones, marked by appropriate traffic signs. Drivers are expected to use the right lane for cruising and the left lane primarily for overtaking. After overtaking, it’s customary to quickly return to the right lane to free the left lane for others.

Use of Horns and Headlights

Croatian drivers tend to use car horns sparingly, usually only to prevent an accident or to alert someone who is not paying attention. It is also required to use headlights during the day from the last weekend in October to the last weekend in March. This rule is mandatory, irrespective of weather conditions, so be sure to keep your headlights on to avoid fines.

Local Roundabout Rules

Roundabouts are quite common and require particular attention. The general rule is that the traffic within the roundabout has the right of way. However, some roundabouts have their own unique rules indicated by signs, so it’s vital to approach them with caution and follow the displayed instructions.

Parking and Consideration

When parking, always be aware of the zone you are in. There are different parking zones in cities, with varying payment rules; some areas may require a fee, and others might be time-limited. It’s also considered polite not to take up more space than necessary, as parking can be quite limited in popular areas, especially during the tourist season.

Interaction with Local Drivers

Croatians are known for being courteous and patient drivers. However, as with any location, there can be exceptions. If you find yourself behind a slow-moving vehicle, be patient; they will often signal for you to overtake when safe. In turn, if you’re driving slower than the flow of traffic on highways or open roads, it’s polite to allow others to pass you when possible. Acknowledging another driver’s courtesy with a wave or a flash of hazard lights is a common practice.

Traffic Croatia

Croatia’s beauty can be best experienced with respect and adherence to local customs. Embrace the driving experience, keep these etiquette tips in mind, and you’ll undoubtedly have a smoother journey.

Fuel and Rest Stops

In Croatia, you will encounter petrol stations that offer different types of fuel to accommodate a variety of vehicles. Understanding these options is paramount, especially when you’re driving a rental. Croatia predominantly offers unleaded petrol, diesel, and more recently, an increasing number of stations provide LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) and electric charging points for EVs (Electric Vehicles).

Understanding Fuel Types

Unleaded Petrol – You will often find 95-octane petrol, which is the standard and 98 or 100-octane for high-performance engines. It’s labeled as “Eurosuper 95” or “Eurosuper 98/100”.

Diesel – Diesel engines are very common in Croatia, especially for vehicles used on long journeys due to their fuel efficiency. There are different grades of diesel, and some stations offer premium diesel, which is said to improve performance and economy.

LPG and Electric Charging – These are relatively new and not as widespread as petrol and diesel, but they are growing in presence. LPG is often labeled as “Autoplin” at the pumps, whereas electric charging stations have designated areas usually marked with ‘EV charging’ signs.

Choosing the Correct Fuel for Your Rental Car

Always check the rental agreement or inside the fuel cap for information on the correct fuel type for the vehicle. Using the wrong type of fuel can be a costly mistake that might not only damage the engine but could also void your rental insurance. When you pick up your rental, clarify the fuel type with the rental agency to ensure no misunderstandings.

Finding Fuel Stations

Petrol stations in Croatia are conveniently located along the highways (Autoceste), in cities and towns, and are fairly common even in rural areas. Highway petrol stations also tend to have extended services such as cafes, restrooms, and small shops. They are typically open from early in the morning until late at night, with many operating 24/7, particularly the ones along the Autoceste.

Additional Tips for Using Petrol Stations

When you pull into a station, you will find that most attendants offer full service, and they will pump the fuel for you. You can pay by cash or card at most petrol stations. If you’re venturing into remote areas, it’s wise to fill up beforehand as stations can be sparse, and also carry some cash because rural stations may not always accept cards.

Loyalty Programs and Discounts

Some Croatian fuel companies offer loyalty cards and discounts for frequent use, which could be beneficial for those on prolonged visits. These can also sometimes offer discounts at the related convenience stores or services.


Parking in Croatia can vary greatly depending on where you are. In general, parking is quite accessible and reasonably priced, though prices can fluctuate based on the location and time of year. Questions about affordability are subjective, but in comparison to many other European countries, Croatia’s parking fees can be considered relatively cheap.

Parking in Cities and Historic Towns

In most Croatian cities and historic towns, parking is well-organized and often operated via pay-and-display systems or attended parking lots. Prices within cities tend to be higher, especially in the vicinity of popular tourist attractions or in the historic centers. For instance, parking in downtown Zagreb or close to Diocletian’s Palace in Split may cost you somewhere between 10 to 20 HRK (Croatian Kuna) per hour, though rates can vary. In some historic towns, cars may not be allowed into the city center to preserve the area, which means you’ll need to find parking outside the center and either walk or take a shuttle into town.

Parking outside the town/city and using public transport

An economical alternative is to park outside the city center where rates are lower and public transportation is often available to ferry you into the main areas. This can be a cost-effective option as many smaller towns have inexpensive or even free parking lots at a convenient distance from bus or tram stops. Notably, some parking areas offer day rates that are much less costly than the hourly rates in the city center, which can range from around 20 HRK to 100 HRK per day.

On-Street Parking

On-street parking is common and typically color-coded, indicating different parking rules and rates. Blue zones usually indicate paid parking spots, which you can pay for at a nearby machine or sometimes via mobile apps that are increasingly popular across Croatian cities. Parking fees in blue zones usually vary from 5 to 15 HRK per hour. Green and yellow zones may indicate limited free time parking or loading zones, and the red zone usually signals the highest tariffs and limited parking durations. It’s essential to read parking signs carefully to avoid fines.

Parking in Croatia

While parking in Croatia is generally affordable and available, peak summer months in popular coastal areas can see elevated prices and increased competition for spaces. Planning ahead and considering alternatives like park-and-ride facilities or accommodation with parking included can ensure the best parking experience while visiting Croatia.

Driving in Croatian Towns

In the charming coastal country of Croatia, navigating through the towns can be a delightful yet challenging experience. The historic centers with their narrow streets, especially in cities like Dubrovnik or Split, are a testament to bygone eras. While these areas are often bustling with activity, it’s important to note that many old towns are pedestrianized, which means finding parking outside the centers and walking in is a common practice.

Navigating Narrow Streets

When you do drive through towns, the narrow roads require undivided attention and careful maneuvering. Streets can also be steep, as many towns are built on hillsides. Local drivers are typically experienced in handling these conditions, so expect a bit of speed even in these tight quarters. Patience is key, and when in doubt, yield to oncoming traffic when the road narrows to a single lane.

Parking Tips

Parking is another aspect to consider when driving in Croatian towns. In more populated areas, finding a spot can be difficult. It’s often practical to use designated parking areas and garages. Keep an eye out for signs indicating parking rules and fees; the P sign marks parking areas, while blue lines on the street often mean paid parking is in effect during certain hours.

Benefit of Sat Nav and GPS

One significant advantage to modern driving in Croatia is the availability and accuracy of satellite navigation and GPS systems. These tools are incredibly helpful in navigating the complexities of town roads, including one-way systems that are common in urban areas. With real-time traffic updates, a sat nav can help you avoid congestion and find the quickest routes to your destination. Additionally, many systems offer alternative routes to bypass areas that are not accessible by car, saving you the frustration of encountering unexpected dead ends or pedestrian zones.

Town in Croatia

The use of sat nav and GPS technologies is particularly advantageous when it comes to locating points of interest, be it a secluded beach, a recommended restaurant, or your accommodation for the night. Having detailed maps and turn-by-turn directions at your fingertips takes the stress out of driving in an unfamiliar environment, allowing you to enjoy the scenic drives and the unique beauty Croatian towns have to offer.

Drive on the Right

For those accustomed to driving on the left side of the road, transitioning to the right can be a bit perplexing at first. It requires a conscious effort to retrain your instincts and remain vigilant about your positioning on the road, particularly when making turns or merging into traffic. The most immediate difference you’ll notice is the placement of the steering wheel in the car, which is on the left side when driving in Croatia. This means that lane discipline and understanding the dimensions of the vehicle can feel counterintuitive. You’ll also need to be especially aware when approaching intersections or when overtaking other cars, as your reflexes may initially guide you to revert to what you are used to.

Mirroring Your Instincts

One of the biggest challenges is the mirror effect—what you’re used to doing on the left, must now be done on the right. This includes simple things like which way to look first when crossing an intersection or joining a road. You must constantly remind yourself that the flow of traffic is coming from your left side when proceeding through intersections or merging into traffic from a standstill. It’s a good practice to take a few moments before setting off to visualize your route, remembering to stay on the right side of the road and orient your turns accordingly.

Navigating Roundabouts

Roundabouts, or “rotors” in Croatian, are common and operate with the same basic rules as those in countries where you drive on the left, but it is reversed. As you approach a roundabout in Croatia, remember to give way to traffic already on the roundabout, which will be approaching from your left. You’ll want to check traffic to the left continuously as you slow down. As you enter, keep in mind that you’ll need to travel counterclockwise and exit to the right. The use of indicators is just as important here; signal your intentions clearly to other drivers when you are about to leave the roundabout.

Additional Considerations

When parking, be sure to orient your car in the direction of the traffic flow on the right side of the roadway. Parking in the opposite direction can confuse other drivers and even result in fines. For manual transmission drivers, shifting with the left hand may also take some getting accustomed to. Always be mindful at zebra crossings, as your gut might direct you to first check for oncoming traffic from the wrong direction. It’s also worth noting that speed limits and road signs are in kilometers, so be wary of your speed if you’re used to miles per hour.

With time and a little patience, driving on the right side in Croatia will become second nature. Stay alert, be aware of your surroundings, and enjoy the beautiful vistas that Croatian roads have to offer.

Motorways in Croatia

Croatia’s network of motorways is a vital component of its transportation infrastructure, providing swift and efficient routes across the picturesque nation. My personal experiences driving in Croatia have been overwhelmingly positive; the roads are well-maintained and signposted, making for a comfortable driving experience. The landscape is quite diverse, which means that traveling by motorway can offer some stunning views, from the verdant inland hills to the sparkling Adriatic coast.

Ease of Driving

When it comes to ease of driving, Croatia’s motorways are designed to European standards, featuring multiple lanes, rest areas, and service stations that are strategically placed at regular intervals. Even during peak tourist seasons, while traffic is heavier, especially on routes leading to the coast, the flow tends to remain consistent due to the well-structured motorway system. Toll charges are applicable on most motorways, so it’s advisable to have cash or a credit card handy to handle these fees.

Major Motorways

The backbone of the Croatian motorway system comprises several key routes, each designated with an “A” followed by a number. Among the most significant are:

  • A1 “Autocesta Zagreb-Split-Dubrovnik”: This motorway begins in the capital, Zagreb, traverses through the stunning hinterlands, and reaches the coastal city of Split. While it’s often referred to as the motorway to Dubrovnik, currently, it ends in Ploče, as the section to Dubrovnik is still under construction. The A1 is especially notable for the impressive engineering feat of the Sveti Rok Tunnel, cutting through the Velebit mountain range.
  • A2 “Autocesta Zagreb-Macelj”: Connecting the capital Zagreb to the Slovenian border at Macelj, this motorway facilitates connections towards Central and Western Europe.
  • A3 “Autocesta Bregana-Zagreb-Lipovac”: Spanning from Bregana at the Slovenian border, through Zagreb all the way to Lipovac near the Serbian border, the A3 is a crucial international traffic artery.
  • A4 “Autocesta Zagreb-Goričan”: This motorway provides a link between Zagreb and Goričan at the Hungarian border, creating an important gateway towards Eastern Europe.
  • A6 “Autocesta Rijeka-Zagreb”: Serving as a central route connecting the port city of Rijeka with the capital, the A6 is especially busy during the summer season due to tourists heading to the northern Adriatic coast.

There are also additional motorways such as the A7, which skirts the northern coastal region, the A9 and A8 forming part of the Istrian Y, connecting the Istrian peninsula to the mainland. Regardless of the specific route, it is clear that Croatia’s investment in its motorway system has made it one of the most flyer-friendly countries in the region. For travelers looking for a road trip adventure, Croatia’s highways are not to be missed.

Tolls in Croatia

When traveling by car through Croatia, you can expect to encounter a number of tolls, particularly on motorways. The toll system in Croatia is well-structured and straightforward, allowing motorists to easily pass through toll booths with minimal delays. The cost of tolls in Croatia varies depending on the distance traveled and the type of vehicle you are driving. Generally, toll fees are reasonable and are calculated based on vehicle categories, which include motorcycles, cars, and larger vehicles like buses and trucks.

Motorway Tolls

The majority of tolls in Croatia are found on the motorways, which are operated by Hrvatske autoceste (HAC) and other regional companies. Each segment of the motorway has its toll booths, where you can pay in cash, by credit card, or by using one of the electronic toll collection systems such as ENC (Electronic Toll Collection). The ENC system can be a great time-saver, allowing drivers to pass quickly through toll booths via special lanes designated for electronic payments. The costs can range anywhere from a few kunas for short distances to several hundred kunas for longer trips across the country.

Price Expectations

You can expect to pay a toll fee when driving between major cities and tourist destinations. For example, a trip from Zagreb to Split can cost around 181 HRK for a standard car, whereas shorter trips such as Zagreb to Rijeka will be cheaper. The toll fees are typically displayed clearly at the toll booths, and up-to-date prices can also be found on the official websites of Croatian motorway operators such as Hrvatske autoceste or Bina Istra.

Avoiding Toll Roads

If you prefer to avoid toll roads, it is possible to do so by using the country’s network of state roads, which do not require payment of tolls. These roads may be more scenic and offer a different perspective of the Croatian countryside, but travel times will be longer and you may encounter heavier local traffic or reduced speed limits. The state roads are maintained by the Croatian Roads authority, and maps and details can be found on their official website Hrvatske ceste.

In summary, while toll roads in Croatia are avoidable, they offer the fastest and most efficient routes between major destinations. If time is of the essence or if you’d prefer a smoother ride on your journey, the Croatian motorways with their associated tolls are well worth considering.

Speed Limits in Croatia

In Croatia, the speed limits are designed to ensure safety for all road users, and they vary depending on the type of road and the area. As a visitor, it’s important to be aware of these limits to avoid fines and drive safely.

Urban Areas

In populated areas like cities, towns, and villages, the standard speed limit is 50 km/h. This is to ensure the safety of pedestrians and to account for the more complex driving environment with frequent intersections and crossings.

Speed Limit Croatia

Rural Roads

Outside of urban areas, on the open roads commonly known as ‘local roads’ or ‘state roads,’ the speed limit is generally set at 90 km/h. These roads have less traffic but might have unpredictable twists and turns, hence the restrictive limit.


On expressways, which are denoted by the letter ‘B’ on road signs, the speed limit is usually 110 km/h. These roads do not have the same specifications as motorways, such as emergency lanes, so the limits are set accordingly.


The highest speed limits are found on motorways, indicated by the letter ‘A’ on road signs, allowing for speeds of up to 130 km/h. Motorways are designed for faster travel and have multiple lanes, making them suitable for higher speeds.

To stay updated with the most accurate and current information regarding speed limits in Croatia, it is wise to refer to the official resources of the Croatian Automobile Club (HAK) or the Croatian Ministry of the Interior (MUP). These organizations provide extensive details on traffic regulations, including any seasonal changes or temporary adjustments to the speed limits. By referring to these sources, you can ensure your driving adheres to the local laws and contributes to the safety of all road participants.

Understanding and following the local speed limits in Croatia is crucial, and road signs will generally be clear and frequent. Do keep an eye out for them, especially when transitioning from one type of road to another, as limits can change quite suddenly. Safe driving in Croatia is a combination of adhering to these limits, being aware of the conditions, and applying common sense.

Speeding Fines in Croatia

In Croatia, penalties for speeding can be steep and strictly enforced. Here is some crucial information you might need when driving around the beautiful landscapes of Croatia, which could help you avoid unwanted fines.

Cost of Speeding Fines

Speeding fines in Croatia are dependent on how much you exceed the speed limit. The cost can range from 300 HRK (around 40 EUR) for minor offences to over 15,000 HRK (approximately 2,000 EUR) for extreme violations which can also lead to imprisonment. Keep in mind that for exceeding the speed limit by over 50 km/h, the fines get significantly higher and can also include a driving ban.

Speed Cameras and Enforcement

Yes, there are speed cameras in Croatia. These are typically found on motorways and main roads, especially at locations where accidents frequently occur. The speed cameras are well indicated with road signs, giving you a fair warning. It’s essential to adhere to speed limits as these cameras are in operation 24/7 and can automatically issue fines.

Additionally, the Croatian police are known to set up speed traps, especially on stretches of road between cities where drivers might be inclined to speed. These traps are often set up without warning, and the police use handheld radar guns to catch speeding vehicles.

Police Croatia

Other Considerations When Driving in Croatia

Keep an eye on varying speed limits, as they change frequently depending on the area. In urban areas, the limit is usually set at 50 km/h, while on highways, it can go up to 130 km/h depending on road conditions and traffic laws.

Fines can be paid on the spot if pulled over by the police or at a later date in a post office or bank. If you’re a foreign driver, be aware that your vehicle can be impounded if you are unable to pay the fine immediately.

Lastly, it is essential to have your documents with you at all times when driving. Required documents include your driver’s license, vehicle registration document, and proof of insurance. Failing to present these can result in additional fines.

For more detailed information on traffic regulations and penalties, you can refer to the Croatian Ministry of the Interior or Croatian Automobile Club, both of which provide resources for drivers in Croatia.

Drive Times in Croatia

Traveling by car in Croatia is one of the most flexible and enjoyable ways to explore this beautiful country. The modern highway system and well-maintained roads make self-driving straightforward for visitors. However, as with any trip, understanding how long it takes to drive between destinations can help with planning and ensure a smooth journey. Here’s a guide to some common drive times between major cities, towns, and tourist attractions in Croatia:

  • Zagreb to Split: Approximately 4 hours via A1
  • Split to Dubrovnik: Around 3 hours and 30 minutes via E65
  • Zagreb to Rijeka: About 1 hour and 45 minutes via A6
  • Zagreb to Pula: Roughly 3 hours via A6 and A9
  • Split to Zadar: Close to 1 hour and 40 minutes via A1
  • Zagreb to Plitvice Lakes National Park: Nearly 2 hours via A1
  • Pula to Rovinj: A short 40 minutes via E751
  • Dubrovnik to Krka National Park: Nearly 3 hours and 45 minutes via D8 and A1

Note that these times are approximate and can vary depending on traffic conditions, especially during the peak tourist season or around holidays. For the most accurate drive times, it’s recommended to check with the Croatian Automobile Club (HAK) before embarking on your trip. On their website, you can find real-time traffic updates and further advice on traveling through Croatia.

In addition to national authorities, renting a car from local companies often comes with additional travel information. Don’t hesitate to ask the rental agency employees for tips regarding current road situations, as they are likely to have the latest insights.

For those looking to incorporate ferry rides into their travel itinerary, particularly when visiting islands such as Hvar, Brac, or Korcula, it’s wise to check the Jadrolinija website for ferry schedules and to account for these times when planning your trip.

The drive times provided are meant to give a basic outline for planning purposes, allowing you to maximize your time spent enjoying Croatia’s stunning landscapes, historic towns, and crystal-clear Adriatic shorelines.

Car Seats for Children and Babies

Ensuring the safety of children and babies during car travel is a top priority for parents and guardians. In Croatia, like in many other countries, there are specific laws and regulations in place to protect young passengers. When traveling with small children, it is important to understand the legal requirements to not only ensure their safety but also to comply with the law.

Legal Requirements in Croatia

In Croatia, the use of child seats is mandated by law. Children aged up to 5 years must use an appropriate child restraint system that is suitable for their weight and height. It is essential to note that children under the age of 12years and shorter than 150cm are not allowed to sit in the front seat, except in a rear-facing child seat. The Croatian Road Traffic Safety Act lays down these rules, and you can find more detailed information on the official website of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

Categories Based on Child’s Age

The categorization of car seats in Croatia follows the European standard, which divides child restraints into groups:

  • Group 0+: 0-13 kg (birth to approx. 12-15 months)
  • Group 1: 9-18 kg (approx. 9 months to 4 years)
  • Group 2: 15-25 kg (approx. 3 to 7 years)
  • Group 3: 22-36 kg (approx. 6 to 12 years)

When selecting a car seat, it is essential to choose the appropriate group for your child’s age and size to ensure optimal safety.

Renting Car Seats vs. Bringing Your Own

For those flying into Croatia with small children, there’s always the debate of whether to rent car seats with your rental vehicle or bring your own. Renting a car seat can be convenient as you can pick up a car seat directly with your rental car, eliminating the need to carry additional equipment through the airport. Most car rental agencies in Croatia offer child seats as an extra service, and the costs can vary. However, it is crucial to reserve these in advance to guarantee availability.

On the other hand, bringing your own car seat guarantees that you’re using a seat that your child is already comfortable with and that meets your personal standards for safety and cleanliness. There might be additional charges from airlines for checking in car seats, or they might allow them as part of your baggage allowance. It’s worth comparing these costs with rental rates.

Whichever option you choose, comfort, and safety should remain the primary concerns when traveling with children. Ensure that the car seat is fitted correctly and that it complies with European safety standards. For peace of mind, you may prefer to use a familiar car seat from home. Conversely, the simplicity of renting one and reducing the amount of luggage can also be appealing.

Car seat Croatia

Whether renting or bringing your own, it is crucial to prioritize the safety and comfort of your little ones when on the roads in Croatia. Always double-check the seat’s fitting and stability before you set off on your journey, and adhere to the Croatian traffic regulations for a safe and enjoyable trip. Remember to visit the Ministry of Internal Affairs or Croatian Automobile Club (HAK) for the latest information on road safety standards and requirements for traveling with children in Croatia.


When traveling through Croatia, you’ll notice that the traffic can vary significantly depending on your location—ranging from the bustling streets of Zagreb to the more leisurely pace of the coastal towns. Let’s explore what you can generally expect from Croatian traffic and driving conditions.

Driving in Croatian Cities

In larger cities like Zagreb, Split, and Rijeka, you’ll find that the traffic can be quite congested, particularly during peak hours. It’s not uncommon to encounter traffic jams, especially near the city centers. Street parking is also limited, so it’s advisable to use designated parking areas. You may want to familiarize yourself with the Zagreb City guidelines on traffic and parking if you’re planning to visit the capital. Additionally, many historic parts of Croatian cities have narrow streets, which can be a challenge for larger vehicles.

old street Croatia

Highways and Rural Roads

Croatia’s highways, such as the A1 connecting Zagreb and Split, are modern and well-maintained. Tolls are common, so be prepared to pay for the convenience of using these fast routes, making it easier to cover large distances quickly. When venturing off the main highways onto rural roads, you’ll notice a more relaxed driving environment. However, these roads can be winding and sometimes narrow, particularly in hilly or mountainous regions, so it’s important to maintain caution and keep your speed in check.

Driving in Towns and Villages

In the smaller towns and villages, you’ll discover a much calmer traffic situation. Roads may be narrower, but the pace is slower, giving you time to enjoy the picturesque surroundings. Local drivers know the roads well and can sometimes be brisk, so it’s a good idea to stay vigilant. Parking in these areas is typically easier to find, though during tourist season, popular spots can become quite crowded.

Regardless of where you’re driving in Croatia, always be aware of pedestrians and cyclists, as they are common in both urban and rural areas. Also, keep an eye out for the local wildlife crossing roads in less populated regions.

For up-to-date traffic information, you might want to refer to the Croatian Automobile Club (HAK) before setting out on your journey. They offer current road conditions, traffic reports, and other useful travel advisories that can help you plan your trip and drive safely throughout Croatia.

Driving in Croatia is overall a pleasant experience. With a little preparation and awareness of the local driving conditions, you can confidently navigate your way from the beautiful Adriatic coastline to the lush inland regions, making the best of your travels in this captivating country.

Top Tips for Renting a Car in Croatia

Renting a car in Croatia can give you the freedom and flexibility to explore this beautiful country at your own pace. Here are my top 5 tips for hiring a car in Croatia:

  1. Choose the Right Vehicle

    Consider the size of your group and the type of traveling you intend to do. If you’ll be exploring the islands or rural regions, a smaller car may be more convenient for narrow roads, while a comfortable sedan might be better for long coastal drives. Always check the trunk space to ensure it fits your luggage.

  2. Understand the Rental Insurance Policy

    It’s crucial to understand what is covered by the rental insurance policy. In Croatia, third-party liability insurance is mandatory, but collision damage waivers and theft protection are additional options. Some credit cards offer rental car insurance, so check with your provider before you book. For more detailed information, refer to the Croatian Automobile Club website.

  3. Check for Hidden Fees

    Read the rental agreement carefully for additional charges such as one-way fees, young driver surcharges, or charges for extra drivers. Make sure to check whether there are any restrictions or additional costs for crossing borders if you plan to visit neighboring countries.

  4. Inspect the Rental Car Thoroughly

    Before taking the car, thoroughly inspect it for any existing damage and make sure any scratches or dents are documented in the rental agreement to avoid disputes later on. It’s also wise to take pictures with your phone for your records.

  5. Be Aware of Local Driving Laws

    Familiarize yourself with Croatian road rules. For example, headlights need to be on during winter months, and the use of seat belts is compulsory. You can find up-to-date driving regulations through the Croatian Ministry of the Interior. Always carry your driving license, IDP if required, and rental paperwork.

Armed with these tips, you’re all set for a seamless car rental experience in Croatia. Happy driving!